This second edition of the Guide to Good Dairy Farming Practice has been developed by an IDF/FAO Project Group of the IDF Standing Committee on Farm Management. It has been written in a practical format for dairy farmers engaged in the production of milk from any dairy species to support the production and marketing of safe, quality-assured milk and dairy products. The Guide focuses on the relationship between consumer safety and economic, social and environmental management at the farm level. Dairy farmers’ production systems worldwide need to be able to combine profitability with the responsibility of protecting human health, animal health, animal welfare and the environment. This Guide gives individual dairy farmers proactive guidance on how these objectives can be achieved on their farm. The practices that are suggested have been drawn from best practice guidelines and existing assurance schemes around the world, and so individual practices will vary in their applicability to various dairying regions. They are not intended to be legally binding and readers are encouraged to select and implement those guidelines that are of relevance to their situation.