Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is an analysis meant to determine all the lifetime costs that derive from owning certain kinds of assets. The TCO methodology described in this report has been adapted to a dairy processing system. In order to support decision making, it is possible to use TCO as a comparative tool. The TCO structure is developed based on the concept of Life Cycle Assessment, which is one of the most important techniques used to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product’s life. Therefore, TCO could also be used as the basis for calculating environmental key performance indicators. In this way, TCO can be a very powerful tool for supporting sustainable investment, both from an economic and environmental perspective.
Keywords: total cost ownership, sustainable investments, dairy processing, economy, environment